The geographical concentration of innovation

Call for contributions:  On submission, if your contribution is related to the ‘geographical concentration of innovation’, please indicate if you want it to be considered for this WIPO-sponsored session, by marking ‘eligible’ in the submission form. Selected contributions (full papers or extended abstracts) may receive financial support from WIPO for their participation.

Organizers: Carsten Fink and Julio Raffo, WIPO Chief Economist Unit, and Ernest Miguelez, GREThA – CNRS-U. Bordeaux

Summary: During the past 40 years, the world has witnessed an incredible transformation of the global landscape of innovation.  While increasingly concentrated in a few metropolitan areas, innovation activities are also gradually spreading to hubs outside of the traditional centers in the U.S., Western Europe and Japan. Within this period, some populated regions in developed countries – such as San Francisco, New York, Frankfurt, and Tokyo ­– have consolidated their position as leading global innovation hotspots.  And some regions in developing countries – such as the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Bay Area, Singapore and Bengaluru – have become rising hubs of innovative activities. Meanwhile, knowledge production in all these localized hotspots has become increasingly interlinked thus forming complex global innovation networks whose connectivity sometimes defies geographical distance.

Innovation certainly played a major role in this new landscape ranging from Silicon Valley to Shenzhen’s Bay area. What are the main channels through which innovation affects regional (local) development? What can we learn from the evolution of the successful (and less so) local innovation ecosystems? Can these industrial and technological transformations offer economic and policy insights for other developing regions of the world?

Topics of interest relevant to this session include but are not limited to:

Defining innovation-dense regions and metropolitan areas (i.e. hotspots);
Emergence of new innovation hotspots;
Local innovation ecosystems within hotspots/regions;
Innovation related  indicators with geo-localized data;
Measuring innovation networks across and within hotspots;
The role of local Innovation and IP Policy in regional/hotspot technological trajectories;